Author(s) Joana de Matos Fernandes Gonçalves
Advisor(s) Cláudia Viana
Synopsis Public procurement, accounting for 19% of European Union’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has been identified as a vehicle for the Union’s public policies’ implementation. Recently, the Europe 2020 Strategy defined as a priority of the European Union the intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth, establishing as a target for 2020 the investment of 3% of EU’s GDP in R&D (Research and Development). In this regard, the strategy underlines the importance of public procurement in promoting innovation, suggesting the usage of smart regulation and public procurement as a trigger to innovation. The European Commission has assured, since 2007, the possibility of using precommercial procurement for R&D services purchases. However, the acknowledgement of the potential of public procurement in these policies’ implementation imposed the provision of new possibilities in the Directives 2014/24/EU e 2014/25/EU. Indeed, the new Directives’ main novelty is the introduction of a new public procurement procedure: the innovation partnership. In this context, it is crucial to focus on the possibilities granted to the CAEs by the EU Law when buying innovative goods, services or works, underlining those practices that enable market innovation. These are the issues addressed on this paper, which rely on the smart means of buying, that might have the strategic potential to trigger innovation.
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