Author(s) Carla Sofia Dantas Magalhães
Advisor(s) Joaquim Freitas Rocha
Synopsis The analysis of the juridical regime of the Public Expense was the main theme of our work. The Public Expenditure Law finds autonomy as a sub-branch of the Public Finance Law. That Public Expenditure Law is the Public Finance Law in the strict sense. The subjects are financial, the purpose of the expense ratio is the realization of expense (object-purpose) in satisfaction of juridical-financial needs (object-order) before a certain juridical-financial fact, i.e., the needs of a community. These elements are part of the juridical relationship of Public Expenditure or juridical-financial relationship in the strict sense. The purpose of the Public Finance Law is to meet public needs. The Law of Public Expenditure then proceeds extrafinancial purposes. The public needs are defined by the legislature in the process of budgetary decision which typified as juridical-financial needs. The State must, therefore, the income (financial needs) to make good Public Expenditure (extrafinancial needs). Ecology is a legal view of the law in the Middle, in society, in a subject. The principle of good public expenditure justifies a juridical-financial ecology. In fact, the legal-financial needs are increasingly extrafinancial, beyond the simple logic of numbers. There are juridical-financial goods that have a supra-individual, collective or diffuse to the point of talking about the fundamental right to public spending. So we take the «fundamental social rights» as real social subjective rights, to conclude by a right to Public Expenditure. Is like beginning in Law of Public Expenditure to arrive at the good public spending. In addition to being a fundamental right, good Public Expenditure is a fundamental duty of all (“law of solidarity” in the implementation of good expense) and a «financial power» or power-duty of the State. The recent Portuguese law reform foresees the Budget Law, Public Finance Law and Public Expenditure in a logic of system, spending in the Middle at a new juridical ecology.
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