DTx – Experience the Future – Transformação Digital: Laboratório Colaborativo
DTx – Experience the Future is a private nonprofit association that brings together partners from both academic and industry backgrounds. The University of Minho plays a leading role in this organization, which includes stakeholders such as Bosch, Ikea, and INL.
DTx has an ambitious medium-term research and innovation agenda. Its main goal is to foster research drawn by the digital transformation of organizations, processes, and competencies in order to fully leverage the opportunities of digital technologies across society and industry.
DTx was one of the first Collaborative Laboratories (CoLabs) approved by the FCT. CoLabs are meant to complement and reinforce the current landscape of R&D units in Portugal and are aimed at creating skilled jobs and economic and social value through the analysis and solution of large-scale and complex multidisciplinary problems.
JusGov is a member of DTx through its E-Tec (State, Enterprise and Technology) research group.
Support for the Moldovan Call Centre for Migrants
The Action is funded by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and is designed to support the Moldovan Bureau of Migration and Asylum (BMA) by addressing the operational needs of its Call Centre for Migrants. The Action will involve, for example, an assessment of the material and human resources available, the training of BMA staff members, the provision of bespoke software for the Call Centre and the drafting of the Call Centre Regulation. The Action will have a duration of seven months and a global financial input from ICMPD of 171.193,84 Euro.
For further information contact
TRANSMIC – Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities
The project “Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities” (TRANSMIC), a project funded under the European Commission’s Marie Curie actions, will run from 1 September 2014 to 31 August 2018. The aim of the project is to contribute to the understanding of transnational migration, in particular by looking at the conditions for and effects of transnational migration, the possibilities for the mobility of migrants’ rights to be enhanced, and the links between migration, citizenship, and migration and development.
The TRANSMIC project is coordinated by Maastricht University (The Netherlands), and also includes partner institutions besides the University of Minho, which include the Universities of Liège (Belgium), Oxford (UK), Aix-Marseille (France), Tampere (Finland) and Warsaw (Poland), as well as the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels.
The Law School of the University of Minho and CEDU will contribute to the project through the hosting and supervision of a Ph.D. student who will work on a research project on the topic “Transnational Migration, Postcolonial Ties and Mobility Partnerships between the EU and Third Countries”. The Ph.D. project will be supervised by Professor Patrícia Jerónimo (a collaborating member of CEDU) and co-supervised by Professor Maarten Vink, of Maastricht University.
More information here.
Ph.D. researcher Fanny Tittel-Mosser
R&D Units – UI4036 – 2015-2020
The Human Rights Center (DH-CII) is funded by the FCT.
In this strategic programme, the DH-CII will continue to pay attention to data protection, bioethics, immigration and cultural diversity, and democracy and State-building; will strengthen its interdisciplinary dynamic by engaging researchers of other fields, taking part in research projects involving other research centres; and will foster its internationalization by strengthening the existing partnerships and by establishing new ones by organizing regular international conferences and supporting the participation of its researchers in international scientific meetings. One strong component of the Centre’s activities will continue to be the research and the supervision of the research projects conducted within the context of some of the Master programs at the Law School of the University of Minho.
IR Mário Monte
More information see here.
INTEROP – EU Digital Single Market As A Political Calling: Interoperability As The Way Forward
The project is to be developed within the framework of the Jean Monnet Chair, which is held by Professor Alessandra Silveira, Director of the CEDU (Centre for Studies in European Union Law). It will be carried out by a team of researchers from the same Centre: coordinator Professor Alessandra Silveira, Professor Joana Covelo de Abreu (in charge of the scientific component), as well as Professors Pedro Froufe and Sophie Perez.
The project will last 24 months and was selected from 1177 applications submitted to the EACEA (Educational, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency). It received a classification of 91 out of 100 possible points and obtain 24.5 of 25 points in the “quality of the team” criterion.
The project is based on the study of the Digital Single Market as a primary public interest for the European Union and intends to test the state-of-the-art implementing administrative interoperability solutions at a later stage in order to test new forms of interoperability. It will take into account, in particular, its material (fundamental and judicial component) with reference to the simplified procedures for recovery of claims to be carried out within the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice.
The “4 EU Training Sessions On Family Law Regulations For Cross-border Lawyers and Social Services” (C.L.A.S.S.4EU) is a project funded by the European Commission.
The partnership can count on a core of universities and law institutes: University of Verona (UNIVR – Italy), University of Milano Bicocca (UNIMIB – Italy), University of Minho (UMINHO – Portugal), Law Institute of Lithuania (TEISE – Lithuania) and Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE – Hungary).
The aim of this project is to provide greater knowledge for lawyers and social service staff on Regulation No 2201/2203 in connection with other EU Regulations and Conventions on family law, developing a common expertise between these interrelated categories, especially when the protection of children is at stake.
More information here.
POCTEP Spain-Portugal Cross-Border Cooperation Program
The University of Minho together with the University of Santiago de Compostela and other Portuguese and Spanish entities applied to the POCTEP with the project Conception and Establishment of a Mechanism of Permanent Agreement Between the Galician-Portuguese Administrations to Favor the Location and Attraction of Industrial Companies in the Euroregion. The project aims to create a framework of institutional cooperation through a permanent cooperation structure formed between Galicia and the North of Portugal. IT has the main goal of contributing to the strengthening of the Euroregion as an attractive territory to favor the entrepreneurial roots and the attraction of new industrial investments that generate employment, by means of normative harmonization in terms of industrial attraction and deployment of actions to eliminate the costs of the cross-border context.
Collaborative Lab ProChild Against Poverty and Social Exclusion
The ProChild Against Poverty and Social Exclusion Collaborative Lab prioritizes policies of child protection, as children are true subjects of rights, but more vulnerable beings. The work to be done by CoLab is part of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and is aligned with the UN Agenda 2030 to eradicate poverty and promote prosperity and well-being. The Collaborative Lab will function as an Interdisciplinary Competence Center and intends to contribute to the promotion of healthy development and social inclusion of children (0-10 years old) in a situation of poverty and high psychosocial risk.
Law in Medicine
The project addresses the theme of law in medicine oriented to the activity of health professionals. The aim is to stimulate discussion about medical-legal issues, to provide practice-oriented training in order to contribute to a better and efficient exercise of the professional activity of health professionals, to avoid the mass complaints and lawsuits filed against health professionals and to contribute to the improvement of the relationships established between health professionals and patients. Health professionals do not often have an in-depth knowledge of medical-legal issues, which increases the proliferation of patient complaints and lawsuits, with serious practical consequences for health professionals, medical institutions, and patients. Additionally, this issue has not been sufficiently investigated within the scope of the law, and there is a notable lack of knowledge among jurists about it. Despite its practical relevance, this is a topic that is not very developed in law schools and is practically unknown among health professionals.
Co-IR Margarida Santos
Monitoring the Human Rights Situation of Sexual Minorities in the African Space of the CPLP
Until the end of the last century, African states in the CPLP criminalized sexual minorities by virtue of norms that had been in force since colonial times. Although a slow change began in Guinea-Bissau in the 1990s, there are still states like Angola that are on the way toward legislative reform. In other African countries such as Uganda and Senegal, there exists so-called “State homophobia” which includes high rates of intolerance and discrimination against LGBTI communities. Against this background, the project has two objectives: a) to analyze the relevant legislation of the African countries of the CPLP and identify legal and political options that directly or indirectly regulate issues related to gender identity and prohibition of discrimination because of these factors. Since these States are signatories to a wide range of legal instruments for the protection of human rights – adopted within the UN or the African Union – to also scrutinize respect for these international commitments. Additionally, b) to analyze, on a social level, the colonial legacy, the influence of religion and popular religiosity, the type of political regime and the actions of international actors in order to build a framework that allows us to identify influences on the State and Legislative options.
Co-IR Patrícia Jerónimo
From Facts and Evidence to Judicial Reasoning: Towards a Consistency on Judicial Criminal Decision
The discovery of “truth” is one of the primary goals of any criminal judicial decision. Nevertheless, the realization of this objective is embedded with difficulties and obstacles concerning the possible role of subjectivity. In fact, “the construction of a solid truth in judicial proceedings is possible only with a knowledge, as deep as possible, of everything that can hinder it, and even make it impossible” (Calheiros, 2015, 75). In this context, the study of the evidence is particularly useful because of the challenge to the selection of the facts, to the reasoning behind it and to the judicial reasoning, according to reasonableness criteria (Calheiros, 2015, p. 81).
In this sense, the aim of this project is to analyze how the judge (and previously the public prosecutor) evaluates the evidence in the light of the current paradigm on freedom of appreciation of the evidence. As well as how this produces the selection of proven and unproven facts and its statement of the facts in criminal proceedings when “difficult facts” are involved. These facts “… involve a much more demanding exercise of appreciation and, in the exact same proportion, they are much more susceptible to relativization” (Calheiros, 2015, pp. 77, 78). Indeed, this variety of types of facts, whose knowledge will have to be established in judicial proceedings and on which the legal solution to be adopted depends, constitutes an enormous challenge to the capacity of jurists. This will require them to equip themselves with adequate tools to deal with it (Calheiros, 2015, p.21).
In this sense, the project intends: 1) to analyze the obstacles of the entrance and the knowledge of the facts in judicial processes; 2) to detect the specific difficulties in the task of appreciation of evidence and in judicial reasoning; 3) to detect and understand the rational mechanisms / logical processes of appreciation of evidence, which allow certain facts to be determined from certain evidence; 4) to expose and understand how dominant social discourses may frame the appreciation of evidence and anchor convictions.
Co-IR Margarida Santos
Sustainability and Human Rights: A New Paradigm in the Relation of Man to the Other and to the Environment
The central objective of the presented project is to characterize and consolidate this sustainability, to understand its multiple manifestations and to draw up a rigorous framework regarding both existing international and European instruments for its implementation, and what has been done in Portugal (both from the legislative and judicial points of view). Once this scenario has been outlined, we will advance, with due dogmatic support, to present a set of proposals for legislative reform, judicial action, public policies and communication, in order to transform sustainability into an effective human right, seen as a new paradigm of community living, in the relation of man to the other and to environment. Therefore, the various proposed activities are to correspond to a holistic understanding of this right of sustainability, which is seen as a reality that goes far beyond the law.
In view of this, the team that will carry out this project consists of a significant body of Law Academics (in the areas of constitutional law, European law, administrative law, local law, criminal law, etc.), but accompanied by experts from other areas which are as equally important to sustainability. The necessary holistic vision that we have been referring to can only be manifested in a concatenation between actors from different fields, who can, with their contributions, draw attention to the various aspects that must be taken into account when we want to talk about sustainability as a human right. Beyond the team members, mainly (but not exclusively) from academia, the project also has significant partnerships and collaborations, both with academics from foreign universities with recognized work in this area and with civil society institutions that work daily with the reality of sustainable development.
It seems to us, therefore, that the project we propose and intend to carry out will play a key role within the Portuguese social and legal landscape, with clear links to both the European space and, more broadly, to the international space, since it corresponds to an undeniable fact of the world today. In a global society of risks (of various and multifaceted risks), we can not really speak of development unless we consider that each human being, every country, every region, and every continent can only advance in articulation with the others. Sustainability thus becomes an innovative understanding of the relationship between human beings and between them and the planet – but which, in the end, is immanent to human nature itself.
Co-IR Andreia Sofia Oliveira
Robotics, Society, and Labour
This project aims to research the modifications arising out of the introduction of robots in daily life and its impact on law, in the context of organizational modifications and its subsequent need for adaptation of legal rules. This project will start from the computational reality, alongside the most recent technical developments and begin a process of legal reflection on the consequences of the introduction of software and robots with higher and higher degrees of autonomy. The technical concepts will be the starting point. It is intended to consider the adaptation of concepts from computational science to the legal framework. These concepts include “agent” and “object” as well as “robot” and “mechanism. From this, traditional legal concepts and institutes shall be revisited. The problems of will considering the existence of intentional states in software and robots shall be equated (Giovanni Sartor). And, from this, the traditional legal institutes of liabilities and torts, in both civil and criminal domains, will be questioned and developed. This will be done in full consideration of the characteristics of new electronic entities, mainly autonomy, the capacity of learning, pro-activity and sociability. The impacts on organized society will then be analyzed. This will be done at both the level of public administration, considering the transformation and adaptation of the urban areas to a new connectivity and interactivity (smart cities) and at the level of entrepreneurial organizations, with particular focus in the modifications that will necessarily occur in the domain of labour relationships.
In order to reach the proposed aims, it will be necessary to integrate several different domains of knowledge in the project, including the scientific domains of Legal Knowledge and of Computational Sciences, being of particular relevance the domain of Artificial Intelligence. On the legal side, we shall have to convoke different domains of legal knowledge, both from the private law domain (civil law, labour law) and from the public law domain (criminal law, administrative law). It is of utmost relevance for reaching the proposed aims that some of the researchers in this project are lecturing the Master Course on Law and Informatics at the University of Minho. Additionally, the interdisciplinarity of the research team, integrating law specialists and engineers, will be a decisive factor. The proposed work has an obvious relevance considering recent reports of international consulting groups foreseeing profound organizational and labour alterations in the years to come. http://observador.pt/opiniao/se-o-futuro-do-trabalho-pertence-aos-robos-o-que-vao-fazer-os-nossos-filhos/ . With profound legal implications particularly in the area of human rights and the requirement of an inter-disciplinary approach, we intend to research this challenge.
Co-IR Teresa Coelho Moreira
Meaning and Purpose of Criminal Sanctions. For the Humanization of the Penitentiary System.
- scientific, academic, professional and civic awareness of the importance of criminal sanctions in the process of rehabilitation of convicts and victims;
- contribution to the humanization of the penal system;
- demonstration of the ineffectiveness of inhuman, long and radical penalties;
- training on penology issues;
- dissemination of knowledge on criminal justice and human rights;
- the meaning and purpose of criminal sanctions, and the development of a “new” criminal paradigm;
- inconsistencies in jurisprudence on penology;
- the (in)effectiveness of the penitentiary system;
- the practical implications of a social nature for the convicted person and his family;
- reparation and reconciliation in criminal justice;
- legal peace and social peace (a more human perspective).
- dissemination of research results using a dedicated website to the Project, the website of the Promoting Center, and electronic publications;
- encouragement of the discussion of this topic in scientific events and in the media;
- implementation of workshops and short training courses;
- the holding of three annual international conferences with the participation of experts on the subject;
- strong interaction with society, especially with entities related to the topic, both in the study and in the dissemination of results.
– four research plans:
- a) theoretical and of principle: a general and transversal study on relevant theory and principles about the meaning and purposes of the criminal sanctions, which will set out the guidelines and main questions for the study to be followed in the subsequent plans;
- b) normative and comparative: a critical study of the norms related to the penitentiary system (criminal sanctions, purposes and choice and length or amount of criminal sanctions);
- c) practical, jurisprudential and enforcement-related: a comparative study of some paradigmatic judicial decisions, their enforcement and the personal and social implications (of the convicted and family);
- d) applied and compared: the results of the investigations will be applied both in Portugal (object-system) and in Portuguese-speaking countries (beneficiary systems), both in the legal system and in the training of professionals.
Complementarity among the participating entities:
– Interaction with entities with forensic tasks and those dealing with the enforcement of criminal sanctions with whom a protocol will be drawn up.
Relevance and innovative character:
The project is relevant because it will demonstrate the relative inefficiency of the penal system and is innovative because it will introduce a reparative purpose in the penal system and in the criminal sanctions enforcement system. It will also contain a training component, which will be useful for professionals involved in the enforcement of criminal sanctions.
IR Mário Monte
Co-IR Pedro Freitas
Equality and Cultural Difference in the Practice of European Courts: Challenges and Opportunities for Inclusive Societies
InclusiveCourts is an interdisciplinary research project which gathers lawyers, anthropologists and sociologists, in cooperation with the Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Human Rights, based in Braga, and the Centre for Research in Anthropology, based in Lisbon. It seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the legal challenges raised by cultural diversity in Europe. It focuses on the practice of the courts because of the important role which domestic courts play as places of encounter and tension among different cultures and legal traditions, especially in a growing context of legal pluralism and inter-legality. The project aims to map and to make an assessment of the way in which courts act in cases involving ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (what is commonly referred as ‘multicultural jurisprudence’), namely, the way courts use concepts such as race, culture, ethnicity and religion; the way they interpret the principle of equality and balance it with respect to cultural difference; and their openness to cultural arguments and evidence and the weight that they accord to such arguments/evidence in their rulings.
The multicultural jurisprudence of Portuguese courts is a particularly good case study, given the relative novelty of Portugal’s status as an immigration country and multicultural society as well as the widespread (if not yet tested) assumption that Portugal is particularly apt for intercultural dialogue and immigrant integration. There are no interdisciplinary studies covering it in a comprehensive and systematic manner and Portugal is usually absent from comparative studies on multicultural jurisprudence. The project includes an inventory and critical assessment of the multicultural jurisprudence of Portuguese courts from 1976 onwards, covering all judicial areas (constitutional, administrative, civil, criminal, labour, family), and the setup of a database of annotated case law. The review of the rulings will be made in light of the theoretical debates on multiculturalism, legal pluralism and human rights, and of international human rights standards, at a global and regional level. By comparing the Portuguese judicial practice with existing reports of other domestic jurisdictions in Europe, the project will advance the current state of comparative research on multicultural jurisprudence in Europe.
The project also seeks to respond to a recurring concern in recent years regarding the lack of preparation of judicial actors for engaging in intercultural communication and the need for further information and training. Through the direct involvement of judges, prosecutors and other judicial actors, the project aims to identify best practices and set up guidelines for an inclusive and ‘diversity aware’ judicial practice in Portugal. It will include the design of a training program for judicial actors, to be implemented as a pilot training program at the Centre for Judicial Studies (CEJ) and in different courts.
Co-IR Manuela Ivone Cunha
Working Group on the Security Council of the United Nations
The Working Group on the Security Council of the United Nations – HR- Centre for Interdisciplinary Research, Universidade do Minho – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
“Propostas para o Mandato Português no Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas” (see here)
Prof. Doutor Carlos Gaspar
Prof. Doutor Pedro Bacelar de Vasconcelos
Annotated Edition of the Constitution of Timor-Leste
The DHCII, in cooperation with the Government of Timor-Leste, published the book “Annotated Edition of the Constitution of Timor-Leste”.
This project, required by the Government of Timor-Leste as an important contribution for the State-building process, was sponsored by IPAD (Instituto Português de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento) and involved several researchers with knowledge of and experience in Timor-Leste as well as judges of Timor-Leste courts.
The digital version of the book is available online through the DH-CII website, reaching out to all the interested public.
Strategic Project 2011-2013
The Human Rights Center (DH-CII) was funded by the FCT.
The main goals of this research unit [Human Rights – Centre for Interdisciplinary Research (HR–CIR)], for the current and the upcoming years (2011-2013), were: to consolidate the work that has been done until now, to strengthen the research in its areas (as described above) and to extend its internationalization.
More information see here.
Strategic Project 2014
Jean Monnet Chair: Citizenship of Rights: European Citizenship as the Fundamental Status of Nationals of the Member States
Alessandra Silveira was a Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Law. The project is titled “Citizenship of Rights: European Citizenship as the Fundamental Status of Nationals of the Member States”.
The Court of Justice of the European Union, pushed by national courts of the Member-States, is creating, by its jurisprudence, a wider notion of citizenship of rights – which enhances European citizenship as “a fundamental statute of Member-states nationals”. In regards to the last notion of European citizenship, recent case law has asked European juridical order: “does it just support the freedom of circulation of individuals that are economically active, or does it correspond to a uniform set of rights and obligations, that are characterized as being part of an Union of Law, in which fundamental rights have an important role?”
Jean Monnet’s Programme wants to reinforce the role of lectures and research European integration in Universities, not only in the Member-States, but also in 3rd Countries. It is co-funded by the European Commission, through the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency. The programe’s name honors the french politician Jean Monnet (1888-1979), who’s considered the mentor of the European unity (CEE) and the model of the Shuman Declaration.
Scientific and Technological Cooperation FCT/CAPES 2013-2015
CEDU obtained funding from the FCT/CAPES funding for the exchange of young researchers between Brazil and Portugal. The project “Interconstitutionality: Constitutional Provisions in Network-Style and European Integration in Worldwide Society” presented by Minho University in partnership with Paraíba’s Federal University, Brasília’s University and São Paulo’s Pontifícia Universidade Católica (PUC), will allow for the circulation of CEDU’s young investigators who are developing a Ph.D. in the topic from 2013 to 2015. Likewise, Minho University’s Law School will receive Ph.D. and post-Ph.D. students from partner Brazilian universities for periods of up to one year. It is worth pointing out that Minho University was the only Portuguese institution to have a Law (Public Law) project approved within the scope of this programme of cooperation between Brazil and Portugal – which testifies to the excellence of research on European Union Law which Minho University Law School has fostered.
Various activities were realized within this project.