Author(s) Ana Carolina da Mota Monteiro
Advisor(s) Teresa Alexandra Coelho Moreira
Synopsis The Information Society we live in is full of threats that involve us in a climate of permanent insecurity. One of the main threats of our time is reflected in the evolution of Information and Communication Technology. This accelerates the processing and exchange of personal data, with significant impact on the right to privacy. Protecting one´s privacy is a right inherent to human dignity, which breaks down into a number of requirements, restrictions and prohibitions against the state and individuals. How has this right evolved and how do we see it, knowing that society is passing a time of relentless technological progress and circulation of information, on a large scale? What concerns us in this study, more precisely, are the video surveillance systems that massively invade our street, our home, our workplace. Video surveillance systems provide image and sound capture, enabling live viewing and sometimes, recording and storage, with important repercussions on the right to privacy and its dynamic dimension translated in the informational self-determination. The evolution of Information and Communication Technologies has been reflected in all areas of society and, of course, in the Labour Law area. Technological progress has enabled the development and updating of means for the control of labour performance which increase the risk of encroachment on the rights and freedom of workers. We can not ignore that, often, behind the safety of people and their goods, identified as purpose for installing video surveillance systems at work, there’s a form of controlling professional performance of workers that can pour a violation of their fundamental rights as well as the annulment of the quality of life at work. We will treat, in this work, of the Impact of New Information and Communication Technologies – in their branch of video surveillance – in people’s daily life, their purpose and repercussions on the exercise of basic rights of citizenship. We will analyze in greater depth the issue of workers’ privacy protection in comparison with the weighty interests that legitimize the presence of the capturing means of image and sound recording in the workplace.
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