Synopsis With the development of an increasingly and concerned debate about trafficking in human beings, influenced by transnational bodies such as the United Nations Organization (UNO), in particular through the Palermo Protocol, it began to emerge from the late 90’s, a new social, legal and political approach that defines human trafficking as a gross violation of human rights worldwide. Often called a modern form of slavery, it’s now generally accepted that trafficking in human beings must be understood as a crime of the utmost gravity, inasmuch as it encompasses a wide range of serious violations of basic human rights, such as life, freedom, physical and psychological integrity with dire consequences for its victims. Trafficking in human beings is a crime that ruthlessly exploits men, women and children for sexual exploitation, organ, tissues and cells removal, illegal adoption or for labor exploitation, being one of the most profitable organized crimes in the world. During the last decades, the study of the “slavery of modern times” went from a marginal concern to a dominant issue in scientific research, in terms of social, legal and political science. This academic interest contributes to the awareness by the international community for the physical and psychological impact that this crime has on its victims, which resulted in a number of international commitments made by States for the support and protection of the victims of trafficking in human beings.
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