Author(s) Andréa Xavier de Andrade
Advisor(s) Isabel Celeste M. Fonseca and Érico Andrade
Synopsis The environmental issue in our country and worldwide has reached ever greater proportions, many times as a reason for civil liability of individuals and legal entities, with increasingly common reflexes. The Environmental Law is essential for all those who care about the legal protection of the environment, so that it can establish an adequate definition of environmental law, characterizing the methods, tutored legal object, the extent and the limits of their incidence field. Knowing that human interference in the environment is the main form of ecosystem degradation, it was realized that the environmental licensing is a control mechanism of these actions in order to impose limits on all activities that interfere directly or indirectly in the middle environment and or using environmental resources. Based on these assumptions, the environmental licensing process aims to identify the possible damage that may be caused to the environment and must provide solutions so that they do not occur, or be mitigated or offset, thus imposing limits and conditions for its implementation, or not even allowing the potentially harmful activity, always guided by the public interest and consequently the duty to protect the environment. From the initial studies, is that the state, which in its guarantor function of a healthy environment, is tasked to oversee the conduct to really consolidate this goal. Thus, the research seeks to answer the question-problem: To what extent the procedures, public management instruments EIA / RIMA and Environmental Licensing have contributed to reducing the incidence of environmental impacts? The goal is to analyze the environmental licensing procedure is sufficient to identify potentially harmful damage to the environment and solutions so that they do not occur or that somehow can be mitigated and compensated by establishing limits and conditions for the implementation of any it is the activity or project.
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