Author(s) Sandra Raquel de Azevedo Pereira
Advisor(s) António Cândido Oliveira
Synopsis This dissertation intends to trace the evolution of Urbanism as a branch of Law and its main instruments, with a particular focus on the evolution of urbanism in the county of Vila Nova de Gaia. We chose to split our analysis into two main parts, each one with three similar chapters, however from different territorial perspectives. The first part relates to the general analysis of Urban Planning Law, its historical evolution, laws and the constitution and implementation of Territorial Management Instruments, where two of the chapters are dedicated to Urban Planning and Urban Rehabilitation. The second part focus on the same subjects but with a particular territorial approach, seeking the main moments that occurred in Vila Nova de Gaia. Our analysis has a special timeline, where we highlight the most important events of the Urbanism in Vila Nova de Gaia, namely, from 1993 to the present time. The Urban Planning law is a relatively young branch, despite that, has been playing a very important part in the recent Local Government action’s, especially with Urban Planning and Urban Rehabilitation. The Urban Rehabilitation is a theme that deserved our most special attention, because it is an instrument that has been trying to emancipate from the Urbanism Law itself, emerging as a new urban paradigm. Our main objective was to create a clear and interesting evolutionary framework, with the help of the main doctrine and according to a factual and personal perspective of the theme. Then, we chose to analyze Vila Nova de Gaia, which is one of the largest counties in the country, has a big economic, tourist and environmental potential and because has been our home for the last eighteen years. Finally, we consider that urbanism is, nowadays, much more influential in the relationship between citizens and the city, just because meets up with a new society vision that wants to preserve the cultural and patrimonial identity, and that it is revivalist, yet contemporary, functional and efficient.
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